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Apex Variables and Apex Literals

Apex Variables and Apex Literals

What You’ll Learn


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What Is Salesforce Apex Variables?

A variable is a named value holder in memory. In Apex, local variables are declared with Java-like syntax.

The name we choose for a variable is called an identifier. Identifiers can be of any length but they must begin with an alphabet. The rest of the identifiers can include digits also.

  • Operators and spaces are not allowed.
  • We can’t use any of the apex reserved keywords when naming variables, methods, or classes.
  • Keywords are the words that are essential for the Apex language.
Integer i_a; 🗸 Integer i 2;   ☓
Integer _ia; ☓ Integer i$2;   ☓
Integer ia_; ☓ Integer $i2;   ☓
Integer i2;  🗸 Integer $_i_2; ☓

What Is Apex Constants?

Apex Constants are the variables whose values don’t change after being initialized once.

Constants can be defined using the final keyword. Constants can be assigned almost once either in the declaration itself or with a static initialization method if the constant is defined in a class.

Final Integer a =5;

Note:

We cannot use the final keyword in the declaration of a class or a method because in apex classes and methods are by-default final and cannot be overridden or inherited without using the virtual keyword.

What Is Apex Literals?

Integer i = 200;

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